Jack Russell Terriers
Jack Russell terriers were first bred by the Reverend Mr. John Russell, a parson and hunting enthusiast born in 1795.
In his last year of university at Oxford he bought a small white and tan terrier bitch called Trump. She was the basis for a breeding programme to develop a terrier with high stamina for the hunt as well as the courage and formation to chase out foxes that had gone to ground, but without the aggressiveness that would result in their harming the fox, which was considered unsporting.
The original working Russells often became family dogs and were crossed with other popular family dogs including Corgis, Chihuahuas and terriers such as the Fox Terrier and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier.
These crosses resulted in changes in form and function and led to a new type of short-legged terrier with a variable conformation. It is this form of the descendants of Trump that are now known as “Russell Terriers”, “shortie Jacks”, or “Puddin’ Dogs”.
The breed standard calls for principly white-bodied terrier 10″ to 12″ tall at the withers with a distinctly different silhouette than the working Jack Russell terrier or Parson Russell Terrier. These dogs are sometimes referred to as an Australian Jack Russell Terrier. The FCI is not a registry and does not issue pedigrees — it is a collection of national canine societies. Neither The Kennel Club (UK) or the American Kennel Club are affiliated members of the FCI.